Constantine X Doukas
- Emperor (q.v.) from 1059-1067, whose incompetent administration and neglect of the army (q.v.) opened up Asia Minor and the Balkan Peninsula (qq.v.) to new invaders. His accession, engineered by Michael Psellos (q.v.), can be seen as a reaction against the reforms of the previous emperor, Isaac I Komnenos (q.v.). He utterly neglected the army, while spending lavishly on his court, on the civil service, and on gifts to monasteries and to foreign rulers. Meanwhile, under Robert Guiscard (q.v.), the Normans (q.v.) by 1059 had conquered all of southern Italy (q.v.); by the time of Constantine X's death in 1067 they were four years away from conquering Bari (q.v.). When Uzes (q.v.) invaded Byzantine Macedonia (q.v.) in 1064-1065 Constantine X could only raise 150 soldiers to oppose them. Fortunately, the plague did to the Uzes what Byzantine arms could not do. However, in the East the military situation was grave. In 1064 the Seljuks under Alp Arsan (qq.v.) invaded Armenia (q.v.), capturing Ani (q.v.), whose garrison had been depleted by cutbacks. The defenses of Asia Minor began to crumble with the Seljuk sack of Melitene (q.v.) in 1058. In effect, Constantine X's neglect of the army laid the foundation for the Seljuk victory at Mantzikert (q.v.) in 1071.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
Look at other dictionaries:
Constantine X Doukas — For other people of the same name, see Constantine Doukas (disambiguation). Constantine X Doukas Κωνσταντίνος Ι΄ Δούκας Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Gold … Wikipedia
Constantine Angelos Doukas — For other people of the same name, see Constantine Doukas (disambiguation). Constantine Angelos Doukas Usurper of the Byzantine Empire Reign 1193 Born c.1173 Died … Wikipedia
Constantine Doukas (disambiguation) — Constantine Doukas or Constantine Ducas (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Δούκας, Kōnstantinos Doukas) is the name of several members of the Doukas, Komnenos, and Angelos families and their descendants. It may refer to any of the following: Constantine Doukas … Wikipedia
Constantine VII — Constantine VII Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine and his mother Zoë. Reign Junior co emperor 908–913 and 920–945, sole … Wikipedia
Constantine XI Palaiologos — Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ Παλαιολόγος Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine XI Palaiologos Reig … Wikipedia
Constantine II (emperor) — Constantine II Emperor of the Roman Empire Porphyry statue of Constantine II Reign 1 March 317 – 337 (as Caesar in the west und … Wikipedia
Constantine IV — Κωνσταντίνος Δ Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine IV and his retinue, mosaic in basilica of Sant Apollinare in Classe (Ravenna) Reign … Wikipedia
Constantine V — Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine V and his father Leo III the Isaurian Reign … Wikipedia
Constantine IX Monomachos — Constantine IX Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος Emperor of the Byzantine Empire A mosaic in Hagia … Wikipedia
Constantine VIII — Constantine VIII Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine VIII on the reverse of this histamenon coin, with crown, pelled labarum and akakia … Wikipedia